National Flag of India 15 Oct
National Flag of India 15 Oct :- Pingali Venkayya (2 August 1876 – 4 July 1963) was an Indian freedom fighter and a Gandhian. He was the designer of the flag on which the Indian National Flag was based. He was also as a lecturer, author, geologist, educationalist, agriculturist, and a polyglot.
At the age of 19, Venkayya had enrolled in the British Indian Army and was deployed to South Africa during the Second Boer War (1899–1902). During the war when the soldiers had to salute the Union Jack, the national flag of Britain, Venkayya realised the need for having a flag for Indians.
When Venkayya attended the AICC session in 1906 in Calcutta, he was inspired to design a flag for the Indian National Congress as he opposed the idea of hoisting the British flag at Congress meetings. Various flags had been used by members of the Indian independence movement prior to the independence being achieved in 1947.
Pingali Venkayya designed the National Flag and presented it to Mahatma Gandhi during the latter’s visit to Vijayawada city on 1 April 1921. Venkayya’s first draft of the flag was in red and green — the red representing Hindus and green the Muslims living in the country.
On Gandhi’s suggestion, Venkayya added a white stripe to represent all other denominations and religions present in India. Since 1921, Venkayya’s flag has been used informally at all Congress meetings. The flag was adopted in its present form during a meeting of the Constituent Assembly on July 22, 1947.
Venkayya was an agriculturist and also an educationist who set up an educational institution in Machilipatnam. He died in relative poverty in 1963 and was largely forgotten by the society. A postage stamp was issued to commemorate him in 2009. In 2012, his name was proposed for a posthumous Bharat Ratna though there has been no response from the central government on the proposal.
When Venkayya attended the All India Congress Committee (AICC) session in 1906 in Calcutta under the leadership of Dadabhai Naoroji, he was inspired to design a flag for the Indian National Congress as he opposed the idea of hoisting the British flag at Congress meetings.
Venkayya worked on potential designs that could be used as flags for the newly-coined Swaraj movement to signify independence. There were over 25 drafts of the flags with different significance and relation with Indian culture, heritage and history.
In 1916, he published a book titled Bharatha Desaniki Oka Jatiya Patakam (transl. A National Flag for India) with 30 potential designs for a flag. From 1918 to 1921, he proposed various ideas to the Congress leadership. At the time, he was also working at the Andhra National College in Machilipatnam.
In 1921, the AICC held its two-day crucial session in Bezawada (now Vijayawada) on March 31 and April 1. When Gandhi asked Venkayya to submit a design for the flag at the session, he did it within three hours. Venkayya had shown Gandhi a rudimentary design of a flag on a Khadi bunting.
This first flag was coloured red and green — the red representing Hindus and green representing Muslims in the country. On Gandhi’s suggestion, Venkayya added a white stripe to represent all the other denominations and religions present in the country.
While the flag was not officially adopted by the AICC, which reordered the stripes and changed the red to orange in 1931, it came to be used across the country. Since 1921, Venkayya’s flag has been used informally at all Congress meetings.
The flag was adopted in its present form during a meeting of the Constituent Assembly on July 22, 1947, twenty days before India’s Independence.
National Flag of India 15 Oct
ब्रेकिंग न्यूज़, अपडेट, एनालिसिस, ब्लॉग के लिए फेसबुक पेज लाइव, ट्विटर हैंडल फॉलो करेऔर इंस्टाग्राम पर जुड़े
ब्रेकिंग न्यूज़, अपडेट, एनालिसिस, ब्लॉग के लिए फेसबुक पेज लाइव, ट्विटर हैंडल फॉलो करे और इंस्टाग्राम पर जुड़े
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